Feldman's Digital Transfer Services

Photo of passport covers

By Appointment Only

Phone:
813-685-4343

Location:

12000 N. Nebraska Ave.

Tampa, FL  33612

 

8mm & 16mm Movie Formats
"Tampa Bay, Florida"

In Tampa near St. Petersburg, Clearwater & Lakeland

What Type of Movie Film Do You Have?

8 mm film is a motion picture film format that is eight millimeters wide. 8 mm film comes in three varieties.

  1. The original 8mm film format is most often called regular 8 or standard 8.
  2. The second type of 8mm movie film is called Double 8.
  3. The newer version of 8 mm movie film is Super 8. Super 8mm has a larger image area thanks because it has smaller sprocket holes. Some Super 8 mm film has sound and some does not. There are also two other varieties of Super 8 — Single 8 mm and Straight-8. Each require a different camera but both types of Super 8 produce a final film with the same dimensions.

8mm super 8 double

8mm movie film was originally produced in 3" round reels that contained 50 feet of film that had to be hand threaded in the home movie camera. Each 50 feet of film had between 3-4 Minutes of coverage depending on the film speed the camera was set on. For Example a 400ft Reel would be 24-32 minutes in length.

Super 8 was produced in a square cartridge which was just snapped into the movie camera. Many home movie buffs would spend many hours editing and spicing the 3" film reels into 5" or 7" reels to get rid of bad footage and to reduce the time it took to load the home movie projector.

8mm film spoolSuper 8mm film cartridge

Shown below are the home movie formats. Each has a different size image and different placement of sprocket holes. The first image below is a section of standard 8mm film which was developed by Kodak in 1932. The second image is Super 8mm without sound developed by Eastman Kodak in 1965. The third image below is super 8 mm film showing oxide based sound strips.

Each 50 foot film spools had 2.5 minutes of movies at the U.S. motion picture professional standard of 24 frames per second, and for 3 minutes and 20 seconds of continuous filming at 18 frames per second for a total of approximately 3,600 frames per film cartridge.

The last image is 16mm movie film. 16 mm film was introduced by Eastman Kodak in 1923 as an inexpensive amateur alternative to the conventional 35 mm film professional format. 16mm movie film could come with two sets of sprocket holes or sprocket holes on one side of the image only. Each 16mm film reel had 400 feet of film which ran approximately 11 minutes at 24 frame per second. *The flammable nitrate film was never used in any home movie format.

home movie film formats

8mm Film Sizes

**Feldman's Photography has been transferring home movie film for many years; first copying to VHS Video tape and now to DVD. If there are lots of 3" movie reels we will usually splice the film into 7" reels. We then clean the film with a special film cleaner and then digitize every frame with high speed scanners. We never use the system used by most film transfer companies of projecting the film on a screen and filming the screen with a digital camera. This abuse of of the film transfer service creates flickering of the finished movies and normally has a hot spot in the center and vignetting at the edges. This poor system also creates a final image which is cropped to avoid seeing the dark edges.

We highly suggest that you never use an old projector to view your movies because the film has become brittle with time. To project your home movies in a home movie projector will usually causing the film to break or get caught in the sprockets and fold like an accordion.**

We promise to convert your memories with the utmost care - the proper way!

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